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7/6
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number: 001-40465
Marqeta, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware27-4306690
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
180 Grand Avenue, 6th Floor, Oakland, California
94612
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(888) 462-7738
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per shareMQ
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Nasdaq Global Select Market)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☒
As of August 4, 2023, there were 475,928,000 shares of the registrant's Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding and 54,671,318 shares of the registrant's Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
2


Note About Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws, which are statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or our future financial or operating performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as “may,” “will,” “shall,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “target,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue” or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions that concern our expectations, strategy, plans or intentions. Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, but are not limited to, statements about:
uncertainties related to U.S. and global economies and the effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, demand for our platform, sales cycles and customer retention;
our future financial performance, including our net revenue, costs of revenue, gross profit, and operating expenses and our ability to achieve future profitability;
the anticipated accounting treatment of our customer agreements and the risk that such accounting treatment may be subject to further changes or developments;
our ability to effectively manage or sustain our growth and expand our operations;
our ability to enhance our platform and services and develop and expand our capabilities;
our ability to further attract, retain, diversify, and expand our customer base;
our ability to maintain our relationships with our Issuing Banks and Card Networks;
our strategies, plans, objectives, and goals;
our plans to expand internationally;
our ability to compete in existing and new markets and offerings;
our estimated market opportunity;
economic and industry trends, projected growth, or trend analysis;
the impact of increasing geopolitical uncertainty, ongoing instability in the financial services and banking sectors, rising inflation, and increased labor market competition;
our ability to develop and protect our brand;
our ability to comply with laws and regulations;
our ability to successfully defend litigation brought against us;
our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel;
our ability to recognize efficiencies from the restructuring plan executed during the second quarter of 2023;
our ability to repurchase shares under our share repurchase program and receive expected financial benefits;
our ability to maintain effective disclosure controls and internal controls over financial reporting, including our ability to remediate our material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting; and
the increased expenses associated with being a public company.
3


We caution you that the foregoing list may not contain all of the forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. We have based the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q primarily on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, and prospects. The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors described in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The results, events, and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur, and actual results, events, or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or to reflect new information or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law. Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context requires otherwise, all references in this document to “Marqeta”, the “Company”, the “Registrant,” “we”, “us”, “our”, or similar references are to Marqeta, Inc. Capitalized terms used and not defined above are defined elsewhere within this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
4

PART I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Marqeta, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$950,157 $1,183,846 
Restricted cash9,375 7,800 
Short-term investments432,354 440,858 
Accounts receivable, net15,253 15,569 
Settlements receivable, net10,515 18,028 
Network incentives receivable67,063 42,661 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets29,098 38,007 
Total current assets1,513,815 1,746,769 
Property and equipment, net14,330 7,440 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net7,784 9,015 
Goodwill123,446  
Other assets44,768 7,122 
Total assets$1,704,143 $1,770,346 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$2,818 $3,798 
Revenue share payable125,853 142,194 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities189,669 136,887 
Total current liabilities318,340 282,879 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion7,132 9,034 
Other liabilities6,056 5,477 
Total liabilities331,528 297,390 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000,000 and 100,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively
  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value: 1,500,000,000 and 1,500,000,000 Class A shares authorized, 479,526,954 and 486,530,334 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. 600,000,000 and 600,000,000 Class B shares authorized, 54,689,722 and 54,833,765 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively
52 53 
Additional paid-in capital2,103,870 2,082,373 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(1,476)(7,237)
Accumulated deficit(729,831)(602,233)
Total stockholders’ equity1,372,615 1,472,956 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,704,143 $1,770,346 
See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5

Marqeta, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2023202220232022
Net revenue$231,115 $186,678 $448,456 $352,780 
Costs of revenue146,506 108,629 274,685 200,005 
Gross profit84,609 78,049 173,771 152,775 
Operating expenses:
Compensation and benefits126,788 97,868 274,547 198,216 
Technology13,154 13,154 27,744 24,538 
Professional services4,873 5,794 10,310 10,564 
Occupancy1,057 1,148 2,211 2,263 
Depreciation and amortization2,494 921 4,474 1,900 
Marketing and advertising561 886 1,002 1,445 
Other operating expenses5,103 4,995 10,336 9,838 
Total operating expenses154,030 124,766 330,624 248,764 
Loss from operations(69,421)(46,717)(156,853)(95,989)
Other income (expense), net10,762 1,802 22,434 (9,875)
Loss before income tax expense(58,659)(44,915)(134,419)(105,864)
Income tax expense (benefit)138 (227)(6,821)(578)
Net loss$(58,797)$(44,688)$(127,598)$(105,286)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:
Change in foreign currency translation adjustment100 (181)119 (200)
Net change in unrealized gain (loss) on short-term investments1,607 (1,896)5,642 (7,763)
Net other comprehensive income (loss)1,707 (2,077)$5,761 $(7,963)
Comprehensive loss$(57,090)$(46,765)$(121,837)$(113,249)
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted$(0.11)$(0.08)$(0.24)$(0.19)
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted538,267,449 544,704,146 538,988,940 543,524,008 
See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6

Marqeta, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income (loss)
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2022541,364,099 $53 $2,082,373 $(7,237)$(602,233)$1,472,956 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of options803,333 — 1,051 — — 1,051 
Issuance of common stock upon net settlement of restricted stock units1,469,996 — (3,746)— — (3,746)
Vesting of common stock warrants— — 2,102 — — 2,102 
Share-based compensation— — 47,027 — — 47,027 
Repurchase and retirement of common stock, including excise tax(3,205,808)— (20,993)— (20,993)
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)— — — 4,054 — 4,054 
Net loss— — — — (68,801)(68,801)
Balance as of March 31, 2023540,431,620 $53 $2,107,814 $(3,183)$(671,034)$1,433,650 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of options827,683 — 1,310 — — 1,310 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan446,228 — 1,775 — — 1,775 
Issuance of common stock upon net settlement of restricted stock units2,679,165 — (6,324)— — (6,324)
Vesting of common stock warrants— — 2,372 — — 2,372 
Share-based compensation— — 45,419 — — 45,419 
Repurchase and retirement of common stock, including excise tax(10,168,020)(1)(48,496)— — (48,497)
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)— — — 1,707 — 1,707 
Net loss— — — — (58,797)(58,797)
Balance as of June 30, 2023534,216,676 $52 $2,103,870 $(1,476)$(729,831)$1,372,615 
7

Marqeta, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
(in thousands, except share amounts)
(unaudited)
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income (loss)
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Stockholders’
 Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2021541,383,518 $54 $1,993,055 $(2,230)$(417,453)$1,573,426 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of options1,604,022 — 2,285 — — 2,285 
Repurchase of early exercised stock options(22,751)— — — — — 
Issuance of common stock upon net settlement of restricted stock units642,827 — (4,702)— — (4,702)
Vesting of common stock warrants— — 2,102 — — 2,102 
Share-based compensation— — 37,005 — — 37,005 
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)— — — (5,886)— (5,886)
Net loss— — — — (60,598)(60,598)
Balance as of March 31, 2022543,607,616 $54 $2,029,745 $(8,116)$(478,051)$1,543,632 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of options1,314,467 — 1,543 — — 1,543 
Repurchase of early exercised stock options(28,268)— — — — — 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan368,955 — 2,775 — — 2,775 
Issuance of common stock upon net settlement of restricted stock units670,960 — (3,878)— — (3,878)
Vesting of common stock warrants— — 2,102 — — 2,102 
Share-based compensation— — 35,148 — — 35,148 
Change in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)— — — (2,077)— (2,077)
Net loss— — — — (44,688)(44,688)
Balance as of June 30, 2022545,933,730 $54 $2,067,435 $(10,193)$(522,739)$1,534,557 
See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


8

Marqeta, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(127,598)$(105,286)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization4,474 1,900 
Share-based compensation expense90,164 72,153 
Non-cash postcombination compensation expense32,430  
Non-cash operating leases expense1,231 1,111 
Amortization of premium (accretion of discount) on short-term investments(2,311)338 
Impairment of other financial instruments 11,616 
Other499 326 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable63 5,067 
Settlements receivable7,513 833 
Network incentives receivable(24,402)17,133 
Prepaid expenses and other assets14,467 (14,982)
Accounts payable(3,239)(1,609)
Revenue share payable(16,341)(4,092)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(11,828)(6,987)
Operating lease liabilities(1,642)(1,464)
Net cash used in operating activities(36,520)(23,943)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(668)(868)
Capitalization of internal-use software(6,395) 
Business combination, net of cash acquired(131,914) 
Purchases of short-term investments(279,548)(12,999)
Maturities of short-term investments296,000 12,900 
Net cash used in investing activities(122,525)(967)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from exercise of stock options, including early exercised stock options, net of repurchase of early exercised unvested options2,299 3,407 
Proceeds from shares issued in connection with employee stock purchase plan1,775 2,775 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of restricted stock units(10,070)(8,580)
Repurchase of common stock(67,073) 
Net cash used in financing activities(73,069)(2,398)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash(232,114)(27,308)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash- Beginning of period1,191,646 1,255,381 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash - End of period$959,532 $1,228,073 
See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
9

Marqeta, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
20232022
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
Cash and cash equivalents$950,157 $1,220,273 
Restricted cash9,375 7,800 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$959,532 $1,228,073 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities$2,096 $2,039 
Cash paid for income taxes$915 $84 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Purchase of property and equipment accrued and not yet paid$137 $1,184 
Share-based compensation capitalized to internal-use software$2,282 $ 
Repurchase of common stock, including excise tax, accrued and not yet paid$2,417 $ 
See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
10

Marqeta, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Tabular Amounts in Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Amounts, Ratios, or as Noted)
(unaudited)

1.    Business Overview and Basis of Presentation
Marqeta, Inc., (“the Company”) creates digital payment technology for innovation leaders. The Company's modern card issuing platform places control over payment transactions into the hands of its customers enabling them to develop modern, state-of-the-art product experiences.
The Company provides all of its customers with issuer processor services and for most of its customers it also acts as a card program manager. The Company primarily earns revenue from processing card transactions for its customers.
The Company was incorporated in the state of Delaware in 2010 and is headquartered in Oakland, California, with offices in the United States and United Kingdom and a legal entity in Australia, Brazil, Canada, and Singapore as of June 30, 2023.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, (“SEC”), for interim reporting. Certain information and note disclosures included in the Company’s annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2022 has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, which was filed with the SEC on February 28, 2023. The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of management, the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments of a normal, recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss, and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The interim results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023, or for any other future annual or interim period.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions relating to reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities, and reported amounts of revenue and expenses. Significant estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, the fair value and useful lives of assets acquired and liabilities assumed through business combinations, the estimation of contingent liabilities, the estimation of variable consideration in contracts with customers, and the reserve for contract contingencies and processing errors. Actual results could differ materially from these estimates.
Business Risks and Uncertainties
The Company has incurred net losses since its inception. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company incurred net losses of $58.8 million and $127.6 million, respectively, and had an accumulated deficit of $729.8 million as of June 30, 2023. The Company expects to incur net losses from operations for the foreseeable future as it incurs costs and expenses related to creating new products for customers, acquiring new customers, developing its brand, expanding into new geographies and developing the existing platform infrastructure. The Company believes that its Cash and cash equivalents of $950.2 million and Short-term investments of $432.4 million as of June 30, 2023 are sufficient to fund its operations through at least the next twelve months from the issuance of these financial statements.
11

2.    Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Company’s significant accounting policies are discussed in “Consolidated Financial Statements—Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022. There have been no significant changes to these policies during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, except for the addition of new policies relating to business combinations, goodwill and acquisition-related intangible assets, and restructuring as described below.
Segment Information
The Company operates as a single operating segment. The Company's chief operating decision maker is its Chief Executive Officer, who reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis for purposes of making operating decisions, assessing financial performance, allocating resources, and evaluating the Company's financial performance.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, revenue outside of the United States, based on the billing address of the customer, was not material. As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, long-lived assets located outside of the United States were not material.
Restricted Cash
Restricted cash consists of deposits with financial institutions that issue payment cards (credit, debit, or prepaid) either on their own behalf or on behalf of businesses that issue customized card products to their end users (“Issuing Banks”) to provide the Issuing Bank collateral in the event that customers’ funds are not deposited at the Issuing Banks in time to settle customers’ transactions with the networks that provide the infrastructure for settlement and card payment information flows (“Card Networks”). Restricted cash also includes cash used to secure a letter of credit for the Company’s lease of its office headquarters in Oakland, California.
Capitalized Internal-use Software Development Costs
The Company capitalizes certain costs incurred in developing internal-use software when capitalization requirements have been met. Internal and external costs incurred in the preliminary project stage of internal-use software development are expensed as incurred. Once the software development process reaches the application development stage, qualifying internal costs including compensation and benefits costs of employees who are directly associated with and devote time to the software project as well as external direct costs are capitalized. Capitalization of costs ends when the developed software is substantially complete and ready for its intended internal use, which is typically upon completion of all substantial testing. Capitalized internal-use software development costs are included in property and equipment, net, and then amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the software. The amortization of these costs is recorded within Depreciation and amortization expense on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
Business Combinations
The Company allocates the purchase consideration for acquired companies to tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date, with the excess recorded to goodwill. These estimates are inherently uncertain and subject to refinement. During the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, the Company may record adjustments to the fair value of these tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed with the corresponding offset to goodwill. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. Acquisition-related expenses and postcombination integration and employee compensation costs are recognized separately from the business combination and are expensed as incurred.
12

Goodwill and Acquisition-related Intangible Assets
The excess purchase price over the fair value of assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Goodwill amounts are not amortized. Acquisition-related intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. Goodwill and acquisition-related intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually, and more frequently whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate its carrying value may not be recoverable.
Deferred Contract Costs
Deferred contract costs mainly consist of sales commissions and related fringe benefits that are incremental costs of obtaining contracts with customers. The Company amortizes the costs incurred on initial contracts on a straight-line basis over an estimated period of benefit determined to be approximately four years. The period of benefit is determined based on a review of customer contract terms and churn rates. The Company exercises the practical expedient to expense commissions on arrangements in which the amortization period is expected to be one year or less. Deferred contract costs that will be recognized during the succeeding 12-month period are recorded as prepaid expenses and other current assets, and the remaining portion is recorded as other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The amortization of these costs is recorded within Compensation and benefits expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
Restructuring
Restructuring costs stem from employee related severance charges and include both cash and non-cash compensation. The Company generally recognizes restructuring costs upon communication of the plan to the identified employees or when payments are probable and amounts are estimable, depending on the region an employee works. Restructuring liabilities are classified in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
3.    Revenue
Disaggregation of Revenue
The following table provides information about disaggregated revenue from customers:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2023202220232022
Platform services revenue, net$226,198 $181,102 $436,530 $342,100 
Other services revenue4,917 5,576 11,926 10,680 
Total net revenue$231,115 $186,678 $448,456 $352,780 
13

Contract Balances
The following table provides information about contract assets and deferred revenue:
Contract balanceBalance sheet line referenceJune 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Contract assets - currentPrepaid expenses and other current assets$134 $621 
Contract assets - non-currentOther assets2,107 1,323 
Total contract assets$2,241 $1,944 
Deferred revenue - currentAccrued expenses and other current liabilities$12,971 $17,048 
Deferred revenue - non-currentOther liabilities4,954 4,202 
Total deferred revenue$17,925 $21,250 
Net revenue recognized during the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 that was included in the deferred revenue balances at the beginning of the respective periods was $3.2 million and $3.4 million, respectively. Net revenue recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022 that was included in the deferred revenue balances at the beginning of the respective periods was $7.8 million and $8.4 million, respectively.
Remaining Performance Obligations
The Company has performance obligations associated with commitments in customer contracts for future stand-ready obligations to process transactions throughout the contractual term.
4.    Short-term Investments

During the second quarter of 2023, the Company renamed the Marketable securities financial statement line item to Short-term investments in the Condensed Consolidated Balances Sheets to more accurately align with the Company’s current investment portfolio.
The amortized cost, unrealized gain (loss), and estimated fair value of the Company's short-term investments consisted of the following:
June 30, 2023
Amortized CostUnrealized GainUnrealized LossEstimated Fair Value
Short-term Investments
U.S. treasury securities$251,806 $ $(1,201)$250,605 
U.S. agency securities68,403 3 (64)68,342 
Commercial paper28,262 1  28,263 
Asset-backed securities11,705  (39)11,666 
Corporate debt securities11,013  (28)10,985 
Certificate of deposits62,493   62,493 
Total short-term investments$433,682 $4 $(1,332)$432,354 
14

December 31, 2022
Amortized CostUnrealized GainUnrealized LossEstimated Fair Value
Short-term investments
U.S. treasury securities$384,951 $ $(6,949)$378,002 
U.S. agency securities29,012 47  29,059 
Commercial paper28,815   28,815 
Corporate debt securities5,049  (67)4,982 
Total short-term investments$447,827 $47 $(7,016)$440,858 
The Company had thirty-seven and thirteen separate short-term investments in unrealized loss positions as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively. The Company does not intend to sell any short-term investments that have unrealized losses as of June 30, 2023, and it is not more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell such securities before any anticipated recovery of the entire amortized cost basis.
There were no realized gains or losses from short-term investments that were reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022. For short-term investments that have unrealized losses, the Company evaluated whether (i) the Company has the intention to sell any of these investments, (ii) it is not more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell any of these available-for-sale debt securities before recovery of the entire amortized cost basis and (iii) the decline in the fair value of the investment is due to credit or non-credit related factors. Based on this evaluation, the Company determined that for its short-term investments, there were no material credit or non-credit related impairments as of June 30, 2023.
The following table summarizes the stated maturities of the Company’s short-term investments:
June 30, 2023December 31, 2022
Amortized CostEstimated Fair ValueAmortized CostEstimated Fair Value
Due within one year$309,082 $308,166 $447,827 $440,858 
Due after one year through two years124,600 124,188   
Total$433,682 $432,354 $447,827 $440,858 
15

5.    Fair Value Measurements
The following tables present the fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value:
June 30, 2023
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total Fair Value
Cash equivalents
Money market funds$447,636 $ $ $447,636 
Commercial paper 19,983  19,983 
Short-term investments
U.S. government securities250,605   250,605 
U.S. agency securities 68,342 68,342 
Commercial paper 28,263  28,263 
Asset-backed securities 11,666  11,666 
Corporate debt securities 10,985  10,985 
Certificate of deposit$ $62,493  62,493 
Total assets$698,241 $201,732 $ $899,973 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
Contingent consideration liability$ $ $53,067 $53,067 
Total liabilities$ $ $53,067 $53,067 
December 31, 2022
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total Fair Value
Cash equivalents
Money market funds$462,459 $ $ $462,459 
Short-term investments
U.S. government securities378,002   378,002 
U.S. agency securities 29,059  29,059 
Commercial paper 28,815  28,815 
Corporate debt securities 4,982  4,982 
Total assets$840,461 $62,856 $ $903,317 
The Company classifies money market funds, commercial paper, U.S. government securities, U.S. agency securities, asset-backed securities, corporate debt securities, and certificate of deposits within Level 1 or Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy because the Company values these investments using quoted market prices or alternative pricing sources and models utilizing market observable inputs.
The Company determines the fair value of contingent consideration based on a probability-weighted discounted cash flow analysis. The fair value remeasurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement as defined in the fair value hierarchy. In each period, the Company reassesses its current estimates of performance relative to the stated targets and adjusts the liability to fair value. Any such adjustments are included in Other income (expense), net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
There were no transfers of financial instruments between the fair value hierarchy levels during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and the year ended December 31, 2022.
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6.    Certain Balance Sheet Components
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Prepaid expenses$8,569 $9,082 
Inventory5,046 5,150 
Prepaid hosting and data costs4,672 6,443 
Accrued interest receivable4,164 3,983 
Prepaid insurance392 3,729 
Card program deposits128 2,128 
Contract assets, current135 621 
Other current assets5,992 6,871 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets$29,098 $38,007 
Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment consisted of the following:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Leasehold improvements$8,110 $8,110 
Computer equipment8,965 9,115 
Furniture and fixtures2,519 2,542 
Internally developed and purchased software11,813 3,082 
31,407 22,849 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization(17,077)(15,409)
Property and equipment, net$14,330 $7,440 
Depreciation and amortization expense was $2.5 million and $0.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $4.5 million and $1.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
The Company capitalized $4.6 million and $8.7 million as internal-use software development costs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively. Internal-use software development costs during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 were not material during the respective periods.
Other Assets
Other assets consisted of the following:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Contract assets, noncurrent$2,106 $1,323 
Deferred tax assets776 1,240 
Other noncurrent assets3,326 4,559 
Acquired developed technology, net38,560  
Other assets$44,768 $7,122 
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The amortization period for acquired developed technology is 7 years. Amortization expense for acquired developed technology was $1.5 million and $2.4 million for three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively.
Expected future amortization expense for acquired developed technology was as follows as of June 30, 2023:
Remainder of 2023$2,929 
20245,857 
20255,857 
20265,857 
20275,857 
Thereafter12,203 
Total expected future amortization expense for acquired developed technology$38,560 
Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Accrued costs of revenue$66,272 $57,191 
Contingent consideration liability53,067  
Accrued compensation and benefits18,161 41,268 
Accrued restructuring9,567  
Deferred revenue12,971 17,048 
Accrued tax liabilities4,573 4,978 
Accrued professional services3,885 4,784 
Operating lease liabilities, current portion3,654 3,394 
Reserve for contract contingencies and processing errors2,538 2,494 
Other accrued liabilities14,981 5,730 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities$189,669 $136,887 
Other Liabilities
Other liabilities consisted of the following:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Deferred revenue, net of current portion$4,954 $4,202 
Other long-term liabilities1,102 1,275 
Other liabilities$6,056 $5,477 
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7.    Commitments and Contingencies
Operating Leases
The Company has a lease agreement for its corporate headquarters in Oakland, California for a total of 63,000 square feet. The non-cancellable operating lease expires in February 2026 and includes options to extend the lease term, generally at the then-market rates. The Company excludes extension options that are not reasonably certain to be exercised from its lease terms. The Company’s lease payments consist primarily of fixed rental payments for the right to use the underlying leased assets over the lease terms. The Company is responsible for operating expenses that exceed the amount of base operating expenses as defined in the original lease agreement.
The Company's operating lease costs are as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2023202220232022
Operating lease cost$843 $843 $1,686 $1,686 
Variable lease cost98 261 229 418 
Short-term lease cost39 219 147 331 
Total lease cost$980 $1,323 $2,062 $2,435 
The Company does not have any sublease income and the Company’s lease agreements do not contain any residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
The weighted average remaining operating lease term and the weighted average discount rate used in the calculation of the Company's lease assets and lease liabilities were as follows:
June 30,
2023
December 31,
2022
Weighted average remaining operating lease term (in years)2.63.1
Weighted average discount rate7.7%7.7%
Maturities of the Company’s operating lease liabilities by year are as follows as of June 30, 2023:
Remainder of 2023$2,142
20244,472
20254,599
2026780
Total lease payments11,993
Less imputed interest(1,207)
Total operating lease liabilities$10,786
Letters of Credit
In connection with the lease for its corporate headquarters office space, the Company is required to provide the landlord a letter of credit in the amount of $1.5 million. The Company has secured this letter of credit by depositing $1.5 million with the issuing financial institution, which deposit is classified as Restricted cash in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Purchase Obligations
As of June 30, 2023, the Company had non-cancellable purchase commitments with certain service providers and Issuing Banks of $213.0 million, payable over the next 5 years. These purchase obligations include $197.7 million related to minimum commitments as part of a cloud-computing service agreement. The remaining obligations are related to various service providers and Issuing Banks processing fees over the fixed, non-cancellable respective contract terms.
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Defined Contribution Plans
The Company maintains defined contribution plans for eligible employees, including a 401(k) plan that covers substantially all of its U.S. based employees and to which the Company provides a matching contribution of 50% of the first 6% of eligible compensation that an employee contributes. During the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company contributed a total of $1.5 million and $1.3 million to its defined contribution plans, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company contributed a total of $3.7 million and $3.4 million to its defined contribution plans, respectively.
Legal Contingencies
From time to time in the normal course of business, the Company may be subject to various legal matters such as threatened or pending claims or proceedings. As of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were no legal contingency matters, either individually or in aggregate, that would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Given the unpredictable nature of legal proceedings, the Company bases its assessment on the information available at the time. As additional information becomes available, the Company reassesses the potential liability and may revise the estimate.
Settlement of Payment Transactions
Customers deposit a certain amount of pre-funding into accounts maintained at Issuing Banks to settle their payment transactions. Such pre-funding amounts may only be used to settle customers’ payment transactions and are not considered assets of the Company. As such, the funds held in customers’ accounts at Issuing Banks are not reflected on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. If a customer fails to deposit sufficient funds to settle a transaction, the Company is liable to the Issuing Bank to settle the transaction and would therefore incur losses if such amounts cannot be subsequently recovered from the customer.
Indemnifications
In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into agreements of varying scope and terms pursuant to which it agrees to indemnify customers, vendors, lessors, business partners, and other parties with respect to certain matters, including, but not limited to, losses arising out of the breach of such agreements, services to be provided by the Company or from intellectual property infringement claims made by third parties. With respect to Issuing Banks, the Company has received requests for indemnification from time to time and may indemnify the Issuing Bank for losses the Issuing Bank may incur for non-compliance with applicable law and regulation, if those losses resulted from the Company’s failure to perform under its program agreement with the Issuing Bank.
In addition, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with its directors and certain officers and employees that will require the Company, among other things, to indemnify them against certain liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors, officers, or employees. No demands have been made upon the Company to provide indemnification under such agreements and there are no claims that the Company is aware of that could have a material effect on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Company also includes service level commitments to its customers, warranting certain levels of performance and permitting those customers to receive credits in the event the Company fails to meet the levels specified.
8.    Stock Incentive Plans
The Company has granted share-based awards to employees, non-employee directors, and other service providers of the Company under the Amended and Restated 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (“2011 Plan”) and the 2021 Stock Option and Incentive Plan (“2021 Plan”), collectively, the Plans. The 2011 Plan was terminated in June 2021 in connection with the Company’s initial public offering (“IPO”) but continues to govern the terms of outstanding awards that were granted prior to the IPO. Additionally, the Company offers an employee stock purchase plan (“ESPP”), which allows employees to purchase shares of common
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stock at 85% of the fair value of the Company’s Class A common stock on the first or last day of the offering period, whichever is lower. The offering periods are six months long and start in May and November of each year.
The following table presents the share-based compensation expense recognized in the periods presented:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2023202220232022
Restricted stock units$25,179 $15,078 $49,970 $30,423 
Stock options5,309 6,160 12,793 13,818 
Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award13,267 13,267 26,388 26,388 
Employee Stock Purchase Plan410 643 1,013 1,524 
Total$44,165 $35,148 $90,164 $72,153 
Restricted Stock Units
Restricted stock units (“RSUs”), generally vest over three or four years.
A summary of the Company's RSU activity under the Plans is as follows:
Number of Restricted Stock UnitsWeighted-average grant date fair value per share
Balance as of December 31, 2022
34,146,546$9.74 
Granted26,556,5004.45 
Vested(6,289,563)9.60 
Canceled and forfeited(9,271,109)8.39 
Balance as of June 30, 2023
45,142,374$6.92 
As of June 30, 2023, unrecognized compensation costs related to unvested RSUs was $283.4 million. These costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.9 years.
Stock Options
Under the Plans, the exercise price of a stock option shall not be less than the fair market value per share of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant (and not less than 110% of the fair market value per share of common stock for grants to stockholders owning more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of the Company, or a 10% stockholder). Options are exercisable over periods not to exceed ten years from the date of grant (five years for incentive stock options granted to 10% stockholders).
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A summary of the Company's stock option activity under the Plans is as follows:
Number of OptionsWeighted-Average Exercise Price per ShareWeighted-Average Remaining Contractual Life
Aggregate Intrinsic Value(1)
Balance as of December 31, 2022
36,156,445 $16.37 7.67 years$29,101 
Granted6,080,148 5.35 
Exercised(1,631,016)1.41 
Canceled and forfeited(2,228,604)10.45 
Balance as of June 30, 2023
38,376,973$15.61 7.75 years$14,943 
Exercisable as of June 30, 2023(2)
11,157,842$11.17 7.39 years$13,162 
Vested as of June 30, 2023
8,267,104$9.39 6.26 years$11,972 
(1) Intrinsic value is calculated based on the difference between the exercise price of in-the-money-stock options and the fair value of the common stock as of the respective balance sheet dates.
(2) The 2011 Plan allows for early exercise of stock options. Accordingly, options granted under this plan are included as exercisable stock options regardless of vesting status.
As of June 30, 2023, aggregate unrecognized compensation costs related to unvested outstanding stock options, excluding the Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award, was $57.0 million. These costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.5 years.
The fair value of stock options granted was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the following weighted average assumptions:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2023 (1)
202220232022
Dividend yield%0.0%0.0%0.0%
Expected volatility%61.90%70.78%59.37%
Expected term (in years)6.086.046.08
Risk-free interest rate%2.81%3.78%2.18%
(1) The Company did not grant any stock options during the three months ended June 30, 2023.
The fair value of the Company’s common stock is determined by the closing price, on the date of grant, of its Class A common stock, which is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market.
Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award
In April and May 2021, the Company’s board of directors granted the Company’s Executive Chairman and then-Chief Executive Officer equity incentive awards in the form of performance-based stock options covering 19,740,923 and 47,267 shares of the Company’s Class B common stock with an exercise price of $21.49 and $23.40 per share, respectively (collectively, the “Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award,” formerly known as the CEO Long-Term Performance Award). The Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award vests upon the satisfaction of a service condition and the achievement of certain stock price hurdles over a seven-year performance period following the expiration of the lock-up period associated with the Company’s IPO in 2021. The stock price hurdle will be achieved if the average closing price of a share of the Company’s Class A common stock during any 90 consecutive trading day period during the performance period equals or exceeds the Company stock price hurdle set forth in the table below.
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The Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award is divided into seven equal tranches which vest upon the achievement of the following Company stock price hurdles:
TrancheCompany Stock Price HurdleNumber of Options Eligible to Vest
1$67.502,826,884
2$78.982,826,884
3$92.402,826,884
4$108.112,826,884
5$126.492,826,884
6$147.992,826,884
7$173.152,826,884
Total19,788,188
The grant date fair value of the Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award was estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation model that incorporated multiple stock price paths and probabilities that the Company stock price hurdles are met. The weighted-average grant date fair value of the seven tranches of the Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award was estimated to be $10.53 per option share.
As of June 30, 2023, the aggregate unrecognized compensation cost of the Executive Chairman Long-Term Performance Award was $90.6 million, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining derived service period of 2.6 years.
9.    Stockholders’ Equity Transactions
Warrants to Purchase Common Stock
In 2021 and 2020, the Company issued warrants to customers to purchase up to 1,150,000 and 750,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, respectively. These warrants vest based on certain performance conditions that include issuing a specific percentage of new cards on the Company’s platform over a defined measurement period and reaching certain annual transaction count thresholds over the contract term, respectively. All warrants have an exercise price of $0.01 per share. These warrants are classified as equity instruments and are treated as consideration payable to a customer. The grant date fair values of these warrants are recorded as a reduction to net revenue over the term of the respective customer contract based on the expected pattern of processing volume generated by the customer and the probability of vesting conditions being met. The aggregate fair values of the warrants issued in 2021 and 2020 were $26.4 million and $5.7 million, respectively.
As of June 30, 2023, 886,470 warrants were vested. The Company recorded $2.4 million and $4.5 million as a reduction of revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively. The Company recorded $1.8 million and $3.4 million as a reduction of revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, respectively. Upon vesting, the fair values of the vested warrants are recorded into the Company’s Additional paid-in capital. Timing differences caused by the pattern of processing volume generated by the customer over the term of the contract and the vesting schedules of the warrants can cause differences in the amount of grant date fair value that is credited to additional paid in capital upon vesting and the amount recorded as a reduction in net revenue during any particular reporting period.
Share Repurchase Programs
On September 14, 2022, the Company’s board of directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $100 million of the Company’s Class A common stock beginning September 15, 2022 (“2022 Share Repurchase Program”). Under the 2022 Share Repurchase Program, the Company was authorized to repurchase shares through open market purchases, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means, in accordance with applicable federal securities laws, including through trading plans under Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). The number of shares repurchased and the timing of purchases are based on general business and market conditions, and other factors, including legal requirements. The 2022 Share Repurchase Program has no set expiration date; however, repurchases under the program were complete as of March 31, 2023.
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During the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company repurchased and subsequently retired 3.2 million shares for $21.0 million under the 2022 Share Repurchase Program, for an average price of $6.46. The total price of the shares repurchased and related transaction costs and excise taxes are reflected as a reduction to Common stock and additional paid-in capital on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
On May 8, 2023, the Company’s board of directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $200 million of the Company’s Class A common stock (“2023 Share Repurchase Program”). Under the 2023 Share Repurchase Program, the Company is authorized to repurchase shares through open market purchases, in privately negotiated transactions or by other means, in accordance with applicable federal securities laws, including through trading plans under Rule 10b5-1 of the Exchange Act. The number of shares repurchased and the timing of purchases are based on general business and market conditions, and other factors, including legal requirements. The 2023 Share Repurchase Program has no set expiration date.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company repurchased and subsequently retired 10.2 million shares for $48.5 million under the 2023 Share Repurchase Program, for an average price of $4.75. The total price of the shares repurchased and related transaction costs and excise taxes are reflected as a reduction to Common stock and additional paid-in capital on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
As of June 30, 2023, $151.7 million remained available for future share repurchases under the 2023 Share Repurchase Program.
10.    Net Loss Per Share Attributable to Common Stockholders
The Company calculated basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders as follows:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2023202220232022
Numerator
Net loss attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders$(58,797)$(44,688)$(127,598)$(105,286)
Denominator
Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders, basic and diluted538,267,449 544,704,146 538,988,940 543,524,008 
Net loss per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders, basic and diluted$(0.11)$(0.08)$(0.24)$(0.19)
Basic net loss per share is the same as diluted net loss per share because the Company reported a net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022.
The rights, including the liquidation and dividend rights, of the holders of Class A common stock and Class B common stock are identical, except with respect to voting. As the liquidation and dividend rights are identical for Class A common stock and Class B common stock, the undistributed earnings are allocated on a proportionate basis and the resulting loss per share will, therefore, be the same for both Class A common stock and Class B common stock on an individual or combined basis.
The Company considered its proportionate share of the potentially dilutive shares issued by its former equity method investee in its dilutive net loss per share calculation for prior periods. All potentially dilutive shares of its equity method investee were excluded from the computation as they would have an anti-dilutive effect.
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Potentially dilutive securities that were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share because including them would have had an anti-dilutive effect were as follows:
As of June 30,
20232022
Warrants to purchase Class B common stock1,900,000 1,900,000 
Stock options outstanding, including early exercise of options38,376,973 41,524,641 
Unvested RSUs outstanding45,142,374 20,470,957 
Shares committed under the ESPP277,286 247,589 
Stock options and RSUs available for future grants62,079,654 75,973,184 
Total147,776,287 140,116,371 
11.    Income Tax
The Company calculates its year-to-date provision for income taxes by applying the estimated annual effective tax rate to year-to-date pretax income or loss and adjusts the provision for discrete tax items recorded in the period. The Company recorded income tax expense of $0.1 million and an income tax benefit $0.2 million for three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The Company recorded an income tax benefit of $6.8 million and $0.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2023 was primarily attributed to a $7.2 million partial valuation allowance release due to the acquisition of Power Finance Inc. (see Note 13 “Business Combination” for additional information), offset by $0.4 million of income tax expenses resulting from profitable foreign operations. The income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2022 was primarily attributable to stock-based compensation deductions for certain foreign jurisdictions.
On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (Inflation Reduction Act) was enacted in the United States. The Inflation Reduction Act imposes a 1% excise tax on the fair market value of stock repurchases made by covered corporations after December 31, 2022. The total taxable value of shares repurchased is reduced by the fair market value of any newly issued shares during the taxable year. The amount of excise tax accrued for repurchases made by the Company during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, was immaterial. The remaining corporate tax changes included in the Inflation Reduction Act are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
12.    Concentration Risks and Significant Customers
Financial instruments that potentially expose the Company to concentration of credit risk consist of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable, and unbilled customers' receivable (collectively, “customers' receivables”, and “settlements receivable”). Cash on deposit with financial institutions may exceed federally insured limits. Cash and cash equivalents as of June 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 include $447.6 million and $462.5 million, respectively, of investments managed by four financial institutions, which invest primarily in securities issued by the U.S. Government or U.S. Government agencies.
As of June 30, 2023, short-term investments were $432.4 million, and there was no concentration of securities of the same issuer with an aggregate fair value greater than 5% of the total balance, except for U.S. Treasuries and U.S. agency securities, which amounted to $318.9 million, or 74% of the short-term investments, commercial paper which amounted to $28.3 million, or 7% of the short-term investments, and certificate of deposits which amount to $62.5 million, or 14% of the short-term investments. As of June 30, 2023, all debt securities within the Company's portfolio are investment grade.
As of December 31, 2022, short-term investments were $440.9 million, and there was no concentration of securities of the same issuer with an aggregate fair value greater than 5% of the total balance, except for U.S. Treasuries and U.S. agency securities, which amounted to $407.1 million, or 92% of the short-term investments. As of December 31, 2022, all debt securities within the Company's portfolio are investment grade.
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A significant portion of the Company's payment transactions are settled through one Issuing Bank, Sutton Bank. For the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, 77% and 83% of Total Processing Volume, which is the total dollar amount of payments processed through the Company’s platform, net of returns and chargebacks, was settled through Sutton Bank, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, 78% and 84% of Total Processing Volume was settled through Sutton Bank, respectively.
A significant portion of the Company's revenue is derived from one customer. For the three months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, this customer accounted for 78% and 69% of the Company’s net revenue, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2023 and 2022, this customer accounted for 77% and 68% of the Company’s net revenue, respectively. As of June 30, 2023, another customer accounted for 12% of the Company’s customers’ receivables.
13.    Business Combination
On February 3, 2023, the Company acquired all outstanding stock of Power Finance Inc. (“Power Finance”) for a base cash purchase price of $221.9 million. The purchase price does not include a $53.1 million contingent consideration tied to performance-based goals which were expected to be achieved within 12 months from the date of acquisition. The Company determined the acquisition-date fair value of the contingent consideration liability, based on the likelihood of payment related to the contingent earn-out clauses, as part of the consideration transferred.
The following table summarizes the components of the preliminary purchase consideration transferred (in thousands):
Cash$221,933 
Less: postcombination cash and non-cash expense117,972 
Plus: cash acquired on acquisition date7,059 
Total purchase consideration, excluding contingent consideration111,020 
Contingent consideration53,067 
Purchase consideration$164,087 
Of the $118.0 million postcombination compensation excluded from the purchase consideration above, approximately $32.4 million was recognized as a non-cash postcombination compensation at closing as a result of the vesting provisions of employee replacement awards on the acquisition date. The remaining $85.6 million is subject to continuous employment and will be recognized as postcombination cash compensation over the required service period of two years.
Power Finance’s cloud-based platform offers credit card program management services for companies creating new credit card programs. The acquisition of Power Finance is expected to accelerate the capabilities offered in the Company’s credit product and allow the Company’s customers to launch a wide range of credit products and constructs.
The assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at fair value as of the acquisition date. The preliminary $164.0 million purchase consideration was attributed to $41.0 million of developed technology intangible assets (to be amortized over an estimated useful life of 7.0 years), $7.4 million of deferred tax liabilities, and $7.0 million of net assets acquired, with the $123.4 million excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed recorded as goodwill. The fair value of the acquired developed technology intangible assets was estimated using the multi-period excess earnings method (“MPEEM”), a form of the income approach. The principle behind this method is that the value of the intangible asset is equal to the present value of the after-tax cash flows attributable to the intangible asset. The Company applied judgment which involved the use of certain assumptions with respect of the revenue and EBITDA forecasts, obsolescence rate, research and development for future technology, and discount rate. The goodwill recognized was primarily attributable to the expected synergies from integrating Power Finance’s technology into the Company’s platform. Goodwill is not expected to be deductible for tax purposes. The fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed may change over the measurement period as additional information is received. The measurement period will end no later than one year from the acquisition date.
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The financial results of Power Finance are included in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements from the date of acquisition. Separate operating results and pro forma results of operations for Power Finance have not been presented as the effect of this acquisition was not material to the Company’s financial results. Acquisition-related third-party transaction costs were $0.4 million and $1.9 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, and are included in Professional services in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
In July 2023, the Company paid out $52.7 million as the performance-based goals tied to the contingent consideration were achieved during the period ended June 30, 2023.
14.    Restructuring
During the second quarter of 2023, the Company approved a restructuring plan (the “Restructuring Plan”) intended to reduce operating expenses and improve profitability by reducing the Company’s workforce. The net restructuring charges incurred in connection with the Restructuring Plan is approximately $8.4 million, which is expected to be substantially complete by the end of the third quarter of 2023.
The Company recorded $8.4 million in restructuring charges during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, which consisted of $14.2 million primarily related to one-time severance and benefit payments, as well as a net reduction of stock-based compensation of $2.9 million related to the vesting of certain equity awards and the forfeiture of certain equity awards which are accounted for as occurred. Additionally, the Company reduced previously accrued bonuses for impacted employees of $2.9 million due to the terms of the Restructuring Plan. These costs were included in Compensation and benefits in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
The following table summarizes the Company’s restructuring liability that is included in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet:

Balance as of December 31, 2022$ 
Restructuring charges14,167 
Cash payments(4,600)
Balance as of June 30, 2023$9,567 
15.    Subsequent Event
On August 4, 2023, the Company and Block, Inc. (formerly Square, Inc., or “Block”) executed a contract amendment (“the Amendment”), effective as of July 1, 2023, to their Master Services Agreement (together the “Amended Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Amended Agreement, the Cash App program term will expire on June 30, 2027 and shall automatically renew thereafter for successive one-year periods, unless terminated earlier by either party. In addition to reduced pricing for the Cash App program, the Amended Agreement provides that the Company will continue to provide various services to Block, though Block will be responsible for defining and managing the primary Card Network relationship for the Cash App program going forward, including being responsible for managing the financial relationship between the Cash App Program and the primary Card Network, choosing the card brand, determining the product type, and meeting program parameters. The Amendment also includes a continuation of services for the Cash App program for a period of time in the event of a change of control of the Company.

As a result of the Amendment, the Company will no longer serve as principal in providing services to Block for the Cash App program as it relates to that program’s primary Card Network volume. Beginning on July 1, 2023, fees owed to Issuing Banks and Card Networks related to the Cash App primary Card Network volume will be netted against amounts earned from the Cash App program within Net Revenue such that Net Revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss will reflect the net amount of consideration that the Company retains on Cash App primary Card Network volume. In prior periods, these fees were included within Costs of Revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations together with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. As discussed in the section titled “Note About Forward Looking Statements”, our actual results may differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under the section titled “Risk Factors” under Part II, Item 1A.
Overview
Marqeta’s modern card issuing platform empowers our customers to create customized and innovative payment cards, giving them the ability to build more configurable and flexible payment experiences. We serve customers in multiple industry verticals including on-demand services, lending (including buy now, pay later (“BNPL”) financing), expense management, disbursements, online marketplaces, and digital banking. Before the rise of modern card issuing, issuing cards was slow, complex, and subject to mistakes. Marqeta helps solve these problems. Our platform, powered by open Application Programming Interfaces (“APIs”), enables businesses to develop modern, frictionless payment card experiences for consumer and commercial use cases.
Our modern architecture allows for flexibility, a high degree of configurability, and accelerated product development, democratizing access to card issuing technology. It also enables us to rapidly expand our platform’s functionality, creating added value for our customers. Depending on a customer’s desired level of control and responsibility, Marqeta can work with companies in a range of different configurations:
Managed By Marqeta: With Managed By Marqeta (“MxM”), Marqeta provides an Issuing Bank partner to act as the Bank Identification Number sponsor (the “BIN sponsor”), for the customer’s card program, manages the customer’s card program on behalf of the Issuing Bank, and provides a full-range of services including configuring many of the critical resources required by a customer’s production environment. In addition to providing customer access to the Marqeta dashboard via our APIs and payment processing, Marqeta also manages a number of the primary tasks related to launching a card program, such as defining and managing the program, operating the program and managing certain profitability components, and managing compliance with applicable regulations, Issuing Bank and Card Network rules. Also available to our MxM customers are a variety of managed services, including dispute management, fraud scoring, card fulfillment, and cardholder support services.
Powered By Marqeta: With Powered By Marqeta (“PxM”) Marqeta also provides customers access to the Marqeta dashboard via our APIs, provides payment processing, and assists with certain configuration elements that enable the customer to use the platform independently. Unlike under our Managed By Marqeta card programs, our PxM customers are responsible for other elements of the card program, including defining and managing the program with the Card Networks and Issuing Bank as well as managing compliance with applicable regulations, Issuing Bank and Card Network rules.
Impact of Macroeconomic Factors
We are unable to predict the impact macroeconomic factors, including the military action against Ukraine launched by Russia, ongoing supply chain shortages, higher inflation and interest rates, and uncertainty in global economic conditions, such as the recent bank failures and closures, will have on our processing volumes, and on our future results of operations. A deterioration in macroeconomic conditions could increase the risk of lower consumer spending, consumer and merchant bankruptcy, insolvency, business failure, higher credit losses, foreign currency fluctuations, or other business interruption, which may adversely impact our business. We continue to monitor these situations and ma